Инструменты пользователя

Инструменты сайта


Боковая панель

Связь

linking_words_and_phrases

Linking words and phrases

Linking words and phrases.(=linkers) - Слова - связки.

Слова - связки нельзя отнести к определённой части речи, так как словом-связкой может быть союз, наречие, предлог, частица и т.д. Но основная функция этих слов заключается в том, что они придают нашим высказываниям логически завершённую форму.

  • meanwhile [ˌmiːn'waɪl] - тем временем, между тем
  • apparently [ə'pær(ə)ntlɪ] - по-видимому, очевидно, несомненно
  • by the way - кстати, между прочим, к слову сказать
  • that is why - поэтому
  • If I am not misaken, … - Если я не ошибаюсь, …
  • That is why … - Поэтому (Оттого) …
  • on the one hand/on the other hand - с одной стороны / с другой стороны (в переносном смысле) on the one (or the other) hand
  • on the one side / on the other side - с одной стороны / на другой стороне (буквально, для предметов)

Sentence connectors

Sentence connectors are used to link ideas from one sentence to the next and to give paragraphs coherence. Sentence connectors perform different functions and are placed at the beginning of a sentence. They are used to introduce, order, contrast, sequence ideas, theory, data etc. The following table lists useful connectors. Useful sentence connectors

Logical / sequential order

  Firstly, secondly, thirdly etc
  Next, last, finally
  In addition
  Furthermore
  Also
  At present / presently

Order of importance

  Most / more importantly
  Most significantly
  Above all
  Primarily
  It is essential / essentially

Contrast

  However
  On the other hand
  On the contrary
  By (in) comparison
  In contrast

Result

  • as a result - в результате/в итоге; as a result of - в результате (чего-л.)
  • As a consequence ['kɔn(t)sɪkwən(t)s] - Как следствие
  • Therefore [ˌðeə'fɔː] - по этой причине, вследствие этого, поэтому

Thus

  Consequently
  Hence

Comparison

  Similarily
  Likewise
  Also

Reason

  The cause of
  The reason for

Subordinators

Linking words and phrases

Although some of these words have already been mentioned as sentence connectors, they can also be used to develop coherence within a paragraph, that is linking one idea / argument to another. Print off this page to keep as a reference of useful linking words and phrases. Sequence Result Emphasis

  First / firstly, second / secondly, third / thirdly etc
  Next, last, finally
  In addition, moreover
  Further / furthermore
  Another
  Also
  In conclusion
  To summarise
  So
  As a result
  As a consequence (of)
  Therefore
  Thus
  Consequently
  Hence
  Due to
  Undoubtedly
  Indeed
  Obviously
  Generally
  Admittedly
  In fact
  Particularly / in particular
  Especially
  Clearly
  Importantly

Addition Reason Example

  And
  In addition / additionally / an additional
  Furthermore
  Also
  Too
  As well as
  For
  Because
  Since
  As
  Because of
  For example
  For instance
  That is (ie)
  Such as
  Including
  Namely

Contrast Comparison

  • Despite / in spite of - несмотря на

However

  Nevertheless
  Nonetheless
  Still
  Although / even though
  Though
  But
  Yet
  In contrast (to) / in comparison
  While
  Whereas
  On the other hand
  On the contrary

Similarly

  Likewise
  Also
  Like
  Just as
  Just like
  Similar to
  Same as
  Compare
  compare(d) to / with
  Not only...but also



linking_words_and_phrases.txt · Последние изменения: 2015/10/14 17:08 (внешнее изменение)