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 +====== Linking words and phrases ======
 +~~Title: Слова связки в английском языке ~~
 +{{htmlmetatags>​
 +metatag-description=(Список слов-связок английского языка.)
 +}}
 +
 +  * [[http://​engblog.ru/​linking-words|Слова-связки в английском языке]]
 +
 +Linking words and phrases.(=linkers) - Слова - связки.
 +
 +Слова - связки нельзя отнести к определённой части речи, так как словом-связкой может быть союз, наречие,​ предлог,​ частица и т.д. Но основная функция этих слов заключается в том, что они придают нашим высказываниям логически завершённую форму.
 +
 +
 +  * meanwhile [ˌmiːn'​waɪl] - тем временем,​ между тем
 +  * apparently [ə'​pær(ə)ntlɪ] - по-видимому,​ очевидно,​ несомненно
 +  * by the way - кстати,​ между прочим,​ к слову сказать
 +  * that is why - поэтому
 +  * If I am not misaken, ... - Если я не ошибаюсь,​ ...
 +  * That is why ... - Поэтому (Оттого) ...
 +
 +  * on the one hand/on the other hand - с одной стороны / с другой стороны (в переносном смысле) on the one (or the other) hand
 +  * on the one side / on the other side - с одной стороны / на другой стороне (буквально,​ для предметов)
 +
 +
 +
 +
 +{{:​linking-words.jpg |}}
 +
 +====== Sentence connectors ======
 +**Sentence connectors** are used to link ideas from one sentence to the next and to give paragraphs coherence. Sentence connectors perform different functions and are placed at the beginning of a sentence. They are used to introduce, order, contrast, sequence ideas, theory, data etc. The following table lists useful connectors.
 +Useful sentence connectors
 +
 +Logical / sequential order
 +
 +    Firstly, secondly, thirdly etc
 +    Next, last, finally
 +    In addition
 +    Furthermore
 +    Also
 +    At present / presently
 +
 + 
 +
 +
 +Order of importance
 +
 +    Most / more importantly
 +    Most significantly
 +    Above all
 +    Primarily
 +    It is essential / essentially
 +
 +Contrast
 +
 +    However
 +    On the other hand
 +    On the contrary
 +    By (in) comparison
 +    In contrast
 +
 +
 +
 +====== Result ======
 +  * as a result - в результате/​в итоге; as a result of -  в результате (чего-л.)
 +  * As a consequence ['​kɔn(t)sɪkwən(t)s] - Как следствие
 +  * Therefore [ˌðeə'​fɔː] - по этой причине,​ вследствие этого, поэтому
 +    Thus
 +    Consequently
 +    Hence
 +
 +Comparison
 +
 +    Similarily
 +    Likewise
 +    Also
 +
 +
 +
 +Reason
 +
 +    The cause of
 +    The reason for
 +====== Subordinators ======
 +  * [[https://​www.dlsweb.rmit.edu.au/​lsu/​content/​4_writingskills/​writing_tuts/​linking_LL/​subordinators.html|Subordinators]]
 +
 +====== Linking words and phrases ======
 +Although some of these words have already been mentioned as sentence connectors, they can also be used to develop coherence within a paragraph, that is linking one idea / argument to another. Print off this page to keep as a reference of useful linking words and phrases.
 +Sequence Result Emphasis
 +
 +    First / firstly, second / secondly, third / thirdly etc
 +    Next, last, finally
 +    In addition, moreover
 +    Further / furthermore
 +    Another
 +    Also
 +    In conclusion
 +    To summarise
 +
 +
 +
 +    So
 +    As a result
 +    As a consequence (of)
 +    Therefore
 +    Thus
 +    Consequently
 +    Hence
 +    Due to
 +
 +
 +
 +    Undoubtedly
 +    Indeed
 +    Obviously
 +    Generally
 +    Admittedly
 +    In fact
 +    Particularly / in particular
 +    Especially
 +    Clearly
 +    Importantly
 +
 +Addition Reason Example
 +
 +    And
 +    In addition / additionally / an additional
 +    Furthermore
 +    Also
 +    Too
 +    As well as
 +
 +
 +
 +    For
 +    Because
 +    Since
 +    As
 +    Because of
 +
 +
 +
 +    For example
 +    For instance
 +    That is (ie)
 +    Such as
 +    Including
 +    Namely
 +
 +====== Contrast Comparison ======
 +  * Despite / in spite of - несмотря на
 +    However
 +    Nevertheless
 +    Nonetheless
 +    Still
 +    Although / even though
 +    Though
 +    But
 +    Yet
 +    In contrast (to) / in comparison
 +    While
 +    Whereas
 +    On the other hand
 +    On the contrary
 +
 +
 +
 +====== Similarly ======
 +
 +    Likewise
 +    Also
 +    Like
 +    Just as
 +    Just like
 +    Similar to
 +    Same as
 +    Compare
 +    compare(d) to / with
 +    Not only...but also
  
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linking_words_and_phrases.txt · Последние изменения: 2018/11/02 11:21 (внешнее изменение)